Bundala National Park

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The Bundala National Park is an internationally important wintering ground for migratory water birds in Sri Lanka.

Bundala National Park harbors 197 species of Birds, the highlight being the Greater Flamingo, which migrate in large flocks.Bundala National Park became the first wetland to be declared as a Ramsar site in Sri Lanka. In 2005, the national park was designated as a biosphere reserve by UNESCO, the fourth biosphere reserve in Sri Lanka. The bundala national park is situated 245 kilometres (152 mi) southeast of Colombo.

The mean temperature of the bundala national park is 27c and the annual rainfall ranges from 900 - 1300 millimeters and the dry period persists from may to september.

The most abundant plant life of the bundala national park consists of dry thorny shrubs and herbs. A total of 383 plant species belonging to 90 families are found in the bundala national park including the unique type palu tree (manilkara hexandra) forest strip on the sand dunes east of the bundala village.


Greater flamingos in large flocks over thousand of individuals visits bundala national park during the migration period. Also the wetland harbours over hundred water bird species including more than fifty migrant species. In addition, there number of amphibians, reptiles, butterflies, mammals, species are recorded in the bundala national park. Also its a breeding ground for five species of the globally endangered sea turtles that migrate to sri lanka.

Check out the other National Parks of Sri Lanka